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Table 5 Ordinal logistic regressions on the parent-child relationship and multivariate linear regressions on skill building in the SHFS 2010

From: The reproduction of working class? Social mobility and the stratification of parenting practice in urban Chinese families

  Parent-child relationship Skill building
Autonomy Emotional expression Overall performance
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
Mobility experiencea         
 Downwardly mobile 0.003 0.002 0.170 0.168 0.108 0.088 0.126 0.134
  (0.237) (0.240) (0.116) (0.116) (0.120) (0.119) (0.115) (0.116)
 Upwardly mobile 0.404* 0.300 0.114 0.001 0.287** 0.242* 0.240** 0.213*
  (0.196) (0.210) (0.092) (0.098) (0.095) (0.101) (0.091) (0.097)
 Middle class immobile 0.667** 0.518* 0.096 (0.059) 0.416*** 0.330** 0.237* 0.198+
  (0.223) (0.249) (0.097) (0.111) (0.100) (0.114) (0.096) (0.110)
Maleb   −0.244   (0.048)   0.088   −0.120
   (0.161)   (0.075)   (0.077)   (0.074)
Age   −0.028**   0.002   0.007+   −0.001
   (0.009)   (0.004)   (0.004)   (0.004)
Shanghai hukouc   0.398   −0.206+   −0.159   0.111
   (0.263)   (0.120)   (0.124)   (0.120)
Have one childd   −0.144   (0.075)   0.325**   −0.175
   (0.258)   (0.118)   (0.121)   (0.117)
Education levele         
 Senior high   0.484**   0.238**   −0.061   0.076
   (0.185)   (0.088)   (0.090)   (0.087)
 College and above   0.149   0.367**   0.191   0.084
   (0.254)   (0.118)   (0.122)   (0.118)
Constant / / −0.050 0.009 −.253*** −0.797** −0.146* −0.025
    (0.059) (0.235) (.061) (0.242) (0.059) (0.234)
R2 .008 .022 .004 .022 .026 0.046 0.012 0.021
N 803 803 756 756 756 756 756 756
  1. The standard errors are in parentheses
  2. +p<0.1,*p<0.05, **p<0.01, and ***p<0.001 (two-tailed test)
  3. Reference groups: aworking-class parents, bfemale, cparents with multiple children, and djunior high or lower. eThe model of the parent-child relationship shows the pseudo-R squared