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Table 2 The influence of the length of the leadership term on the changes in the expenditure structure

From: Institutional inertia, local leadership turnover, and changes in the structure of fiscal expenditure

  Governor Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Economic construction science, education, culture, and health public security Economic construction science, education, culture, and health public security
Term length 0.226*** 0.008*** − 0.003 0.144*** 0.004* − 0.003
Deviation rate from the previous expenditure structure (previous period) 0.387*** 0.567*** 0.566*** 0.474*** 0.573*** 0.603***
Governor from the central government − 0.047 − 0.020 0.009 − 0.127 0.010 0.025*
Governor from this province 0.022 − 0.046*** 0.001 − 0.094 − 0.014 0.025*
Governor's age − 0.024*** − 0.002* 0.001 0.006 0.001 0.001
Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee comes from the central government 0.158** − 0.031*** 0.000 0.063 − 0.017 − 0.006
The Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee is from this province − 0.071 − 0.013 − 0.010 0.075 0.011 − 0.014
The age of the provincial party secretary 0.012 − 0.002 − 0.000 − 0.001 − 0.004*** − 0.001
Urbanization rate 1.679 0.391 0.486** 1.939 0.473* 0.764***
Aging rate − 8.206*** -0.476 -0.582* − 1.821 0.029 -0.131
GDP (logarithm) − 3.192** − 0.032 0.170 − 0.807 0.038 0.193
Permanent population (logarithm) − 0.015 0.206 − 0.358*** − 0.408 0.184 − 0.381***
Industrial enterprises (logarithmic) − 0.086 0.039* − 0.043** − 0.099 0.013 − 0.059***
The added value of the primary industry (logarithm) 0.445 − 0.015 − 0.047 0.155 − 0.016 − 0.071*
The added value of the secondary industry (logarithm) 1.335** 0.041 − 0.137* 0.072 − 0.012 − 0.166**
The added value of the tertiary industry (logarithm) 1.009 − 0.034 0.027 0.644 − 0.016 0.017
Constant 7.574 − 1.511 2.786*** 3.541 − 1.621 3.204***
Time effect Control Control Control Control Control Control
Individual effect Control Control Control Control Control Control
  1. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01