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Table 3 Empirical indicators and thinking

From: Institutional inertia, local leadership turnover, and changes in the structure of fiscal expenditure

  “Goals” Inspection indicators Empirical thinking
Economic construction “Strive for the upper end” Deviation rate of economic construction expenditures from the national average Examine whether the length of the tenure has a significant positive impact and whether a complete impact mechanism exists
Public security “Converge to the average” The absolute value of the deviation rate of public security expenditures from the national average Examine whether the length of the tenure has a significant negative impact and whether a complete impact mechanism exists
Science, Education, Culture, and Health The absolute value of the deviation rate of science, education, culture, and health expenditures from the national average