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Table 4 The contribution of preschool attendance to the cognition gap

From: Does preschool attendance affect the urban-rural cognition gap among middle school students? Evidence from China Education Panel Survey

  Grade 7 Grade 9
  Nationwide pooled Western pooled Nationwide pooled Western pooled
Explained part 85.07% 86.05% 108.90% 115.87%
Unexplained part 14.93% 13.95% − 8.90% − 15.84%
Total 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.03%
Preschool attendance
Explained part 4.52% 6.73% 2.71% 3.39%
Unexplained part 23.03% 37.64% − 1.08% 5.02%
subtotal 27.55% 44.37% 1.63% 8.41%