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Table 3 Results from the structural equation modeling analysis

From: Childhood health and social class reproduction in China

N = 6726    
  Unstandardized coefficient SE Standardized coefficient
Measurement model      
Father’s ISI when respondent was at age 14  ←  Family SES 1.000 0.510
Mother’s educational attainment  ←  Family SES 0.054*** 0.002 0.579
Father’s educational attainment  ←  Family SES 0.062*** 0.002 0.558
Father’s household registration status when respondent was at age 14  ←  Family SES 0.028*** 0.001 0.615
Mother’s household registration status when respondent was at age 14  ←  Family SES 0.026*** 0.001 0.615
Whether suffered hunger  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 1.000 0.447
Source of drinking water  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 0.836*** 0.035 0.577
Type of sanitation amenity  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 0.738*** 0.034 0.497
Nutrient intake  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 2.900*** 0.115 0.487
Structural model
Childhood nutrition and hygiene  ←  Family SES 0.034*** 0.002 0.775
Height  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 2.098** 0.757 0.095
Height  ←  Family SES 0.106*** 0.031 0.108
Years of schooling  ←  Family SES 0.334*** 0.012 0.645
Years of schooling  ←  Height 0.020* 0.008 0.038
ISEI of first job  ←  Family SES 0.518*** 0.081 0.255
ISEI of first job  ←  Height − 0.003 0.031 − 0.001
ISEI of first job  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 0.093 1.418 0.002
ISEI of first job  ←  Years of schooling 1.275*** 0.079 0.326
ISEI of current job  ←  Height 0.023 0.028 0.011
ISEI of current job  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 6.647*** 1.110 0.134
ISEI of current job  ←  Years of schooling 0.696*** 0.061 0.165
ISEI of current job  ←  ISEI of first job 0.563*** 0.011 0.522
Self-assessment of current state of health  ←  Height 0.017*** 0.002 0.150
Self-assessment of current state of health  ←  Childhood nutrition and hygiene 0.179*** 0.053 0.072
Self-assessment of current state of health  ←  Years of schooling 0.009* 0.004 0.042
Self-assessment of current state of health  ←  ISEI of first job 0.000 0.001 − 0.003
CMIN = 1463.44; df = 67; CMIN/df = 21.8 RMSEA = 0.056; NFI = 0.965; TLI = 0.933; CFI = 0.967
Pathway Effect
Family SES → Nutrition and hygiene → ISEI of current job 0.775 × 0.134 = 0.14
Family SES → Nutrition and hygiene → height → education → ISEI of current job 0.775 × 0.095 × 0.038 × 0.165 = 0.0005
Family SES → Nutrition and hygiene → height → education → ISEI of first job → ISEI of current job 0.775 × 0.095 × 0.038 × 0.326 × 0.522 = 0.0005
Family SES → Height → Education → ISEI of current job 0.108 × 0.038 × 0.165 = 0.0006
Family SES → Height → Education → ISEI of first job → ISEI of current job 0.108 × 0.038 × 0.326 × 0.522 = 0.0007
Family SES → ISEI of first job → ISEI of current job 0.255 × 0.522 = 0.133
Family SES → Education → ISEI of current job 0.645 × 0.165 = 0.106
Family SES → Education → ISEI of first job → ISEI of current job 0.645 × 0.326 × 0.522 = 0.110
  1. (1) For the coefficients of the effects of the control variables (respondent’s sex, age, and ethnicity) on nutrition and hygiene, height, education, ISEI of first job, and ISI of current job, please see “Appendix Table 2
  2. (2)*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001