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Table 1 Changes in the connotation of labor after technology upgrading

From: Technology upgrading and labor degrading? A sociological study of three robotized factories

Investigation dimension Factory A Factory B FactoryC
Labor relations Labor cut Approximately one third Nearly a hundred people A small amount
Working conditions Wage reduction; intensity increase Wages are flat or reduced; equal intensity A few workers' wages will increase, while the rest will remain flat; intensity may increase
Employment methods Dispatch workers, student workers, temporary workers Dispatch workers, summer jobs Summer jobs, temporary workers
Labor process Skill changes Deskilled core work Some posts remain unchanged, while some skill posts are replaced Partly rises; some remain unchanged
Labor control-resistance Strong technical control; actively defending interests Strong technical control; no resistance observed Strong technical control; passive resistance