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Table 3 Right words/Key terms in in-work poverty research (2000s-2017)

From: Rethinking the defining contextualization of in-work poverty: the challenge of individualism and globalization

Concept over
Time and space
Key descriptions Specific context
2000s–2010s US (1) Lowest stratum of economic attainment (Shipler 2005);
(2) Ending welfare as we know it (Duncan et al. 2007)
(1) Societal: sociodemographic structures
(2) National: social welfare/social security
Europe (1) Emergence of in-work poverty and labour market segmentation (Smith et al. 2008);
(2) Low pay (Cappellari 2002);
(3) Poverty in earned income (Ponthieux 2010)
National: economic system (labour market)
2010s–2018 US (1) Low-income workers (Desmond and Gershenson 2016); at the bottom of the income distribution (Thiede et al. 2015);
(2) Working, uninsured adults (Nolan and Christie 2017);
(3) Working hard, working poor; a global journal (Fields 2012);
(4) A booming demographic (Wicks-Lim 2012)
Societal: social protection system (housing insecure and employment, healthcare programme)
Europe (1) Re-emergence of working poor phenomenon in Western Europe (Pradella 2015); Widespread phenomenon, “hybrid” nature (Gautié and Ponthieux 2016); a “post-industrial” phenomenon (Marx and Nolan 2012); a pan-European phenomenon (Marx et al. 2012);
(2) Low-wage jobs with poor working conditions and career opportunities (Ilsøe 2016)
(1) Global: international political economy (IPE) perspective. Cross-national perspective
(2) National: economic sectors (low-wage service workers); social protection system
Most vulnerable workers (Porras 2015);
Disadvantaged economic classes (Escosteguy and Coutinho 2017)
Societal: socioeconomic inequality
Asia (Hong Kong, China) An important category of poverty; low-paid work (Cheung and Chou 2016) Societal: socioeconomic context